The first vineyards in Australia were planted in 1788 and today Australia boasts several high quality regions, Margret River, Hunter Valley, and Coonawarra. The Barossa valley is their leading fine wine region, famous for Shiraz. Barossa’s total effective temperature for ripening is identical to Bordeaux, but in Barossa there is more sunshine, less rainfall, lower humidity and diurnal temperature variation. Barossa is home to Penfold’s Grange, created in 1951 when Max Schubert experimented with Shiraz, aged in American oak, he called it Grange Hermitage. He was told to stop making it by the Estate but continued in secret and 1962 Penfold’s won global acclaim; today it just has the name Grange.